Policy & Tools: Examples of CBAs with Living Wage Policies

Gates Cherokee Redevelopment 
Denver, Colorado 

In 2006, this CBA secured a living wage requirement for public facilities workers at the $1 billion mixed-use transit-oriented redevelopment of the former Gates Rubber factory. The Gates Cherokee CBA includes an unprecedented agreement to extend Denver’s living wage ordinance by including parking lot attendants and security personnel employed at the site’s public facilities.

CIM Development 
San Jose, California 

This comprehensive agreement includes living wage provisions for many of the future permanent employees at the $140 million residential, retail and entertainment complex. The CBA includes living wages for parking attendants and extends the City’s living wage ordinance to grocery stores over 10,000 square feet, department stores, food service and hotels.

NoHo Commons 
Los Angeles, California 

NoHo Commons is a 16.7-acre development project that includes residential, retail, and office space and that will receive over $31 million in public subsidies and loans. While the developer was resistant to applying living wage requirements to all tenants, they did commit to attaining living wages for 75% of the project’s jobs, and to making other efforts to maximize living wage participation in the project, including:

Hill District
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

This CBA, attached to the development of a new arena for the Pittsburgh Penguins, includes a supplemental agreement that establishes all parties’ commitment to creating “family sustaining jobs” at the arena and surrounding businesses.

Hollywood and Vine 
Los Angeles, California 

In early 2004, a coalition of community-based organizations entered into a CBA for this large, mixed-use development project on one of the most prominent intersections in Hollywood. The $326 million project includes a 300-room hotel, 500 housing units, and 67,000 square feet of retail with over 1,000 parking spaces. The CBA delivers local hire programs, affordable housing and living wage jobs to the local low-income community. The CBA requires that 70% of the new jobs pay a living wage. It also requires that all of the developer’s employees be paid a living wage, which includes hotel, security and parking employees. In the end, this project should create 250 living wage union jobs.

Ballpark Village 
San Diego, California 

The CBA delivers a living wage to all employees of the developer and any service contractors. Full-time employees are to be paid no less than $10 per hour with health care benefits or no less than $12 per hour without health care benefits. The CBA also requires employers to give employees ten paid sick days per year.

Staples Center (Los Angeles Sports and Entertainment District) 
Los Angeles, California 

This CBA includes a living wage policy that sets the goal that 70% of all jobs (with the developer, service contractors and tenants) created at the complex will pay the City’s living wage, which is no less than $7.72 with benefits or $8.97 without benefits. The agreement also states that the developer must consult the coalition on the selection of tenants.

Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) 
Los Angeles, California 

The LAX CBA establishes a living wage policy that requires all airport contractors, lessees and licensees to follow the City’s living wage policy, which is no less than $7.72 with benefits or $8.97 without benefits. As of 2007, LAX was in full compliance with the living wage agreement.

  • employees of the developer will be paid a living wage;
  • employees of the developer’s service contractors will be paid a living wage;
  • the developer will “make all reasonable efforts to maximize the number of living wage jobs” in the development;
  • in choosing between prospective tenants, the developer will “take into account as a substantial factor each prospective tenant's potential impact” on the living wage threshold;
  • the developer and prospective tenants will meet with the coalition to discuss each prospective tenant’s impact on the living wage threshold;
  • the developer will provide biannual reports regarding wage levels; and
  • tenants will provide the developer with their wage levels.

If, despite these steps, the 75% threshold is not met for any two-year period, the developer agreed to pay a $10,000 penalty and to meet with the coalition to develop additional steps to reach the living wage threshold.