CBAs: Definitions, Values, and Legal Enforceability

January 2008
Julian Gross

This article hopes to clarify the term CBA by proposing a definition that would limit its use to describing agreements that reflect the essential values of past CBAs: inclusiveness and accountability. Inclusiveness here refers to the process through which a CBA is negotiated, and accountability refers to the outcome—in particular whether CBA commitments are specific and legally enforceable.